Kilimanjaro National Park

Kilimanjaro is a large stratovolcano composed of three distinct volcanic cones: Kibo, the highest; Mawenzi at 5,149 metres (16,893 ft)and Shira, the lowest at 4,005 metres (13,140 ft)Mawenzi and Shira are extinct, while Kibo is dormant and could erupt again Uhuru Peak is the highest summit on Kibo's crater rim. The Tanzania National Parks Authority, a Tanzanian government agency,and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization lists the height of Uhuru Peak as 5,895 m (19,341 ft), based on a British survey in 1952. The height has since been measured as 5,892 metres (19,331 ft) in 1999, 5,902 metres (19,364 ft) in 2008, and 5,899 metres (19,354 ft) in 2014. Geology The geology of the interior of the volcanic edifice is poorly known, given the lack of large scale erosion that could have exposed the interior of the volcano. Eruptive activity at the Shira centre commenced about 2.5 million years ago, with the last important phase occurring about 1.9 million years ago, just before the northern part of the edifice collapsed. Shira is topped by a broad plateau at 3,800 metres (12,500 ft), which may be a filled caldera. The remnant caldera rim has been degraded deeply by erosion. Before the caldera formed and erosion began, Shira might have been between 4,900 m (16,000 ft) and 5,200 m (17,000 ft) high. It is mostly composed of basic lavas, with some pyroclastic. The formation of the caldera was accompanied by lava emanating from ring fractures, but there was no large scale explosive activity. Two cones formed subsequently, the phonolitic one at the northwest end of the ridge and the doleritic Platzkegel in the caldera centre. Both Mawenzi and Kibo began erupting about 1 million years ago. They are separated by the Saddle Plateau at 4,400 metres (14,400 ft) elevation. The youngest dated rocks at Mawenzi are about 448,000 years old. Mawenzi forms a horseshoe-shaped ridge with pinnacles and ridges opening to the northeast, with a tower-like shape resulting from deep erosion and a mafic dyke swarm. Several large cirques cut into the ring. The largest of these sits on top of the Great Barranco gorge. Also notable are the Ost and West Barrancos on the northeastern side of the mountain. Most of the eastern side of the mountain has been removed by erosion. Mawenzi has a subsidiary peak, Neumann Tower, 4,425 metres (14,518 ft).

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Best Season: There are two distinct trekking seasons which constitute the best time to climb Kilimanjaro. They are January-March and June-October. January-March is generally colder than June-October and there is a higher probability of encountering snow on the summit.May, June, July, August
Located At: Elevation 5,895[1] m (19,341 ft) [2][3] Prominence 5,885 m (19,308 ft) [4] Ranked 4th[5] Isolation 5,510 kilometres (3,420 mi) Listing Seven Summits Highest mountains of Africa Volcanic Seven Summits Country highest point Ultra Seven Third Summits (Mawenzi) Coordinates 03°04′33″S 37°21′12″ECoordinates: 03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E 

Suggested - Itineraries

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Wildlife Safaris

Migration Mara River Crossing | 9 Days

The annual Great Migration is a wonderful and exiting experience and is regarded as “The Greatest Show on Earth”. The herds of wildebeest, zebra and Thomsons gazelle generally move in a clockwise direction throughout the Serengeti-Mara ecosystem - a...

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Mount Trekking

Mount Kilimanjaro Marangu Route | 8 Days

The Marangu route and this has led potential climbers to think that it is an easy route to the summit. The only reason that people say it is easier is because it is the only route up Kilimanjaro where you sleep in huts as opposed to tents.An optional...

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Mount Trekking

Mount Kilimanjaro Machame Route | 9 Days

The Machame Route is well known as the "Whiskey Route" and one of the most popular trails on Mount Kilimanjaro, fondly known as Kili. It is reported that around 50% of trekkers use this route to ascend to the highest point in Africa and for good reas...

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Wildlife Safaris

Image of Serengeti & Ngorongoro | 9 Days

April usually brings the first signs of migration, with hundreds of thousands of wildebeest beginning their arduous journey across the western plains and finally north. The herds move through the Ndoha and Dutwa plains, adjacent to the Mbalagweti...

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Day Trips

Tarangire National Park | Day Tour

Your day tour begins with your hotel pickup in the morning, and heading south to stunning Tarangire National Park. Arrive at the Tarangire National Park for game viewing. In the afternoon you will stop for a picnic lunch. Your afternoon game-drive wi...

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Day Trips

Arusha National Park | Day Tour

Explore different areas of Arusha in small sections, not confined to a safari vehicle for long periods of time. The Arusha National Park is definitely worth putting some time aside for. Highlights / Witness herbivores such as elephants, hippos, buf...