The Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera. Forming a spectacular bowl of about 265 square kilometres, with sides up to 600 metres deep; it is home to approximately 30,000 animals at any one time. The Crater rim is over 2,200 metres high and experiences its own climate. From this high vantage point it is possible to make out the tiny shapes of animals making their way around the crater floor far below. Swathes of cloud hang around the rocky rim most days of the year and it’s one of the few places in Tanzania where it can get chilly at night. The crater floor consists of a number of different habitats that include grassland, swamps, forests and Lake Makat (Maasai for ‘salt’) - a central soda lake filled by the Munge River. All these various environments attract wildlife to drink, wallow, graze, hide or climb. Although animals are free to move in and out of this contained environment, the rich volcanic soil, lush forests and spring source lakes on the crater floor (combined with fairly steep crater sides) tend to incline both grazers and predators to remain throughout the year. Ngorongoro Crater: Wildlife Highlights Ngorongoro Crater is one of the most likely areas in Tanzania to see the endangered Black Rhino, as a small population is thriving in this idyllic and protected environment. It is currently one of the few areas where they continue to breed in the wild.

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Best Season: All year aroundMay, June, July, August
Located At: Established in 1959 as a multiple land use area, with wildlife coexisting with semi-nomadic Maasai pastoralists practicing traditional livestock grazing, it includes the spectacular Ngorongoro Crater, the world's largest Location‎: ‎Arusha Region, Area‎: ‎8,292 km2 (3,202 sq mi) Region‎: ‎Africa

Suggested - Itineraries

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Photo Safaris

Migration Grumeti River Crossing | July-October

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Mount Trekking

Mount Kilimanjaro Marangu Route | 8 Days

The Marangu route and this has led potential climbers to think that it is an easy route to the summit. The only reason that people say it is easier is because it is the only route up Kilimanjaro where you sleep in huts as opposed to tents.An optional...

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Mount Trekking

Mount Kilimanjaro Machame Route | 9 Days

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Photo Safaris

Image of Serengeti & Ngorongoro | 9 Days

April usually brings the first signs of migration, with hundreds of thousands of wildebeest beginning their arduous journey across the western plains and finally north. The herds move through the Ndoha and Dutwa plains, adjacent to the Mbalagweti...

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Day Trips

Tarangire National Park | Day Tour

Your day tour begins with your hotel pickup in the morning, and heading south to stunning Tarangire National Park. Arrive at the Tarangire National Park for game viewing. In the afternoon you will stop for a picnic lunch. Your afternoon game-drive wi...

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Day Trips

Arusha National Park | Day Tour

Explore different areas of Arusha in small sections, not confined to a safari vehicle for long periods of time. The Arusha National Park is definitely worth putting some time aside for. Highlights / Witness herbivores such as elephants, hippos, buf...